Reimagined Command-Tab
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Put that right Command key to good use

Hold down ⌘ command and press the first letter of the app name to focus apps instantly.
When pressing the key while the app is already focused, you can choose to hide the app or cycle to the next app with the same first letter.
screenshot of the app interface opened from the menu bar, showing running apps with their assigned key

Assign custom keys for your favorite apps

Hold down ⌘ command + ⌥ option and press any letter to assign that letter to the currently focused app.
When an app is in the static list:
  • the assigned key can launch the app when it isn't running
  • the Hide/Cycle setting can be adjusted on a per-app basis.
screenshot of the app interface opened from the menu bar, showing custom assigned keys for apps


What do I do if I have two apps with the same first letter (e.g. Music and Mail)?

Best way to handle this is to assign a custom key for the second app.

For example, if rcmd focuses Mail on + M and you want to assign + U for Music:

  • Focus the Music app
  • Press + + U

And that's it, from now on you can use + U to focuse the Music app.

What does Cycle do?

If you have multiple apps with the same first letter, pressing that letter multiple times will cycle between those apps.

For example, if you have Safari, Spotify and Shortcuts running:

  • Pressing + S will focus Safari
  • Pressing + S again will cycle and focus Spotify
  • Pressing + S yet again will cycle and focus Shortcuts

Can I cycle between windows of the same app?

Unfortunately there's no macOS API that allows us to focus specific windows of an app.

The Accessibility API would allow this in some manner but it is not allowed on the App Store.

There is a macOS native way to switch between windows of the same app:

keyboard shortcut switch to windows of same app

New window is opened when activating an already running app

To fix this, restart the app you are trying to focus.

Why does it happen?

This happens because that app has updated itself in the background while it was running.

Because the app on disk is different than the running app, the system creates another app instance when rcmd tries to focus it.

This usually happens with browser as they update frequently.

rcmd will try to detect this and fix the problem itself but information about the binary may be missing and the detection doesn't always work.

rcmd notification of detected changed binary

Left Command triggering rcmd?

Right Command+letter not doing anything?

It's possible that your keyboard is sending the wrong key codes.

Checking keycodes

You can check what keycodes get sent by downloading this simple app: KeyCodes.zip

After launching it, check the Log key up events and modifier changes checkbox.

Now if you press your Right Command key and click on the Info button you should see:

  • Modifiers: 1048848 / 0x100110

For the Left Command key you should see:

  • Modifiers: 1048840 / 0x100108

keycodes app left and right command info

If you don't see those key codes exactly, then it's a problem with your keyboard mapping.

Possible causes:

  • Specific models of external keyboards
  • Changing the Modifier Keys settings in System Preferences

modifier keys setting in macOS


Keep in mind that you can always change the trigger key to something else than Right Command if that key is not working on your keyboard.

rcmd trigger setting

High CPU Usage?

Looking at the % CPU usage is not a very accurate way of judging the app's efficiency.

Especially on M1, read more about it in this article: CPU percentage is misleading on M1 Macs by The Eclectic Light Company

Why do I see CPU usage spikes?

rcmd has to listen on window change events and keep track of how often an app is switched to.

This is used in the scoring algorithm for choosing which apps get priority in the dynamic first letter assignment.

The compute workload is minimal and the spike only lasts a few milliseconds.

Should I worry about it?

Usually, you shouldn't look at the % CPU field, but at the CPU Time metric. By default Activity Monitor updates every 5 seconds, so even if the CPU % was at 7% for a few milliseconds, you'll still see it for 5 seconds.

Even with the Very often (1 sec) setting, the % CPU metric is still not best for judging app efficiency.

activity monitor update frequency

In the following case, from the time rcmd started running (3 days ago) until now, it only consumed about 20 minutes of CPU time.

That's an incredibly small amount of CPU power used for an app that I use 20 times a minute. My finger basically rests on the Right Command key.

rcmd cpu time

echo "rcmd was launched "(soulver '(now - '(lsappinfo info -only kLSLaunchTimeKey rcmd | cut -d= -f2)') as time')" ago"
rcmd was launched 2 days 21 hours 49 min 5 s ago

❯ soulver "(19 min 29 s) is what % of (2 days 21 hours 49 min 5 s)"

If you compare that to other keyboard utilities like BetterTouchTool for example, you'll see their CPU Time is comparable to rcmd.

For example in the same case, BetterTouchTool was just launched 2 hours 16 minutes ago and it already consumed 2 minutes of CPU time.

echo "BetterTouchTool was launched "(soulver '(now - '(lsappinfo info -only kLSLaunchTimeKey BetterTouchTool | cut -d= -f2)') as time')" ago"
BetterTouchTool was launched 2 hours 16 min 26 s ago

❯ soulver '(2 min 9 s) is what % of (2 hours 16 min 26 s)'

BetterTouchTool cpu time